Advanced Science Initiative: A Systematic Review of Participation Literature

The purpose of this project is to conduct a systematic review of the literature on participation in community life by people with disabilities. 

This video provides an overview of the project.

Anticipated Benefits

Besides expanding knowledge about participation of people with disabilities, existing knowledge in the literature will be consolidated to further research in the area of participation as it relates to people with disabilities.

Study Design
As science advances, so does its methods. This systematic review follows rigorous methods that have been established to assess and consolidate knowledge on a particular topic.

The first step was to sponsor a series of discussions with a variety of experts in the field. The discussions of this Expert Review Panel lead to group agreement on key elements regarding participation among people with disabilities.  Next, key questions were decided to focus the literature review.

A preliminary literature review was conducted. After deciding what to include and what to exclude, the experts listed key search terms and decided what information was needed from each publication. 

At this point, a research librarian found abstracted publications that met the search guidelines. Trained readers then determined whether a publication should be included or excluded. After additional review, staff located full articles of selected articles and recorded their information, then produced statistical information from them.

For more information on systematic reviews, visit National Rehabilitation Information CenterHow to Read a Paper: Papers that Summarise Other Papers (Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (article from the 1997 British Medical Journal 315, 672-675).

For more information on this project, contact the Research and Training Center on Measurement and Interdependence in Community Living at the RTC/IL, 4089 Dole, 1000 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, KS 66045, 785.864.4095 (voice), 785.864.0706 TTY, 

National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research grant H133B060018

Back to school COVID info for parents and teachers:

This presentation was made at our State-of-the-Science conference in 2010:

Participation: Preliminary Observations and Recommendations from a Scoping Review (PDF)

Glossary of 
Relevant Terms

Abstract - Typically, an abstract describes the study purpose, participants, methods used, results, and implications in about 150 words. These condensed reports not only help researchers quickly locate information that might apply to their research, they make it easier for a variety of audiences to access the study information.

Literature review - Before a study begins, a comprehensive survey of scholarly publications in a specific field of study or related to a particular line of research is done to determine what is known about a topic.

Scientific method - Investigation generally includes observing something, learning more about what others have found out on the subject, coming up with a probable reason about that thing, an experiment to see if this theory is correct or not, and a conclusion that supports or changes the theory. The experiment should be done in a way that other scientists could do the same experiment and get similar results.

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